What are seven ways to bond plastic and metal?

Brainstorm 7 ways to bond plastic to metal

1. Adhesive bonding: Using adhesives specifically designed for bonding plastic and metal surfaces is a popular method. Epoxy, cyanoacrylate (super glue), and structural acrylic adhesives are commonly used. Follow the instructions provided by the adhesive manufacturer for best results. (tape or dispensed adhesives should be considered for different situations and assembly requirements)
2. Mechanical fastening: Utilize mechanical fasteners such as screws, rivets, or bolts to join the plastic and metal components. Also consider snap features or flanges formed into the metal or plastic geometry. This method is suitable for situations where disassembly may be required.
3. Ultrasonic welding: Ultrasonic welding employs high-frequency vibrations to generate heat and create a molecular bond between the plastic and metal. It is commonly used for thermoplastics and certain metals.
4. Heat staking: Heat staking involves heating a metal boss or insert and then pushing it into the plastic, creating a mechanical and thermal bond. This method is commonly used for attaching plastic components to metal frames.
5. Thermal bonding: Some thermoplastic materials can be bonded to metal through thermal bonding. By heating the plastic and pressing it against the metal surface, the plastic softens, allowing it to conform and adhere to the metal.
6. Chemical bonding: Certain plastic and metal combinations can be chemically bonded using specific treatments. For example, surface treatment with a primer or an adhesion promoter can enhance the bond strength between plastic and metal surfaces.
7. Overmolding: Insert mold the metal component in an injection molding process. Use mechanical interlock features for added bonding strength.
8. Hybrid methods: In some cases, combining multiple bonding techniques can yield stronger results. For instance, you might use adhesive bonding along with mechanical fasteners or heat staking to reinforce the bond.

1.) Adhesives (pressure-sensitive - PSA, liquid dispensing - LDA)

2.) Fasteners (screws, nuts/bolts)

3.) Insert molding/Over molding

4.) Press fits/Interference fits/crushed ribs

5.) Magnets

6.) Welding (Ultrasonic)